What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a challenge for medical community and is considered a genetic as well as an autoimmune disorder. It is a skin disorder characterized by aggressive multiplication of skin cells that eventually die on the skin's surface causing raised, red plaques covered with white scales.

Common Location of Psoriatic lesions


Psoriasis typically occurs on

• Knees

• Elbows

• Scalp

• Torso, palms, and soles of the feet

Causes of Psoriasis

Although the exact cause of psoriasis is not known but it is believed to occur due to a combination of any of the following factors:

• Defects in immune regulation

• Genetic predisposition

• Environmental factors

• Emotional stress

• Trauma

• Streptococcal infection

Symptoms of Psoriasis

The symptoms of psoriasis depend on the type and may include:

• Red skin, often covered with loose, silver-coloured scales

• Itchy or painful skin

• Cracking and bleeding of skin

• Plaques can merge and cover larger skin area

• Discoloration and pitting of the nails

• Crumbling or detachment of nails from the nail bed

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